How well do you know the Internet? The class we had this week discussed where it all started.
Internet today began when the first commercial telegraph was created in the year 1837. Back then, the dot-dash code was used wish is much similar to the binary code that a computer uses. In the year 1851, the first undersea cable was built across the English channel and soon led to the first trans-Atlantic cable built in 1858 to allowed direct instantaneous communication across the Atlantic but with quite a price.
With such an invention and creation, there began the dramatic shift in world-perception. People start to get more interested in knowing other culture from far off-places, following events in real-time, and even the weather report was brought in. During then, geographical time zone was created as well. And suddenly the world is connected and linked by wires exchanging information.
In 1876, Alexander Bell invented the telephone which allowed verbal communication from different location. And again, history was made. New inventions never stopped, the radio was introduced in the year 1895. Now people can enjoy listening to music from home without leaving home and soon led to the first television transmission in the year 1924. Meantime, Charles Babbage theorized the first computer known as the Analytical Engine. Surprised much, the first program was written by a woman named Countess Ada Lovelace. As time goes, Herman Hollerith found the first Tabulating Machine Company that is later known as IBM.
When Sputnik was launched by the Soviet Union for the purpose of nuclear warheads, it was a big concern that connections or links of the network would broken after a nuclear war. So, the RAND proposal was made public in the year 1964 proposing that a network would have no central authority and is designed from the beginning to operate while in tatter. It was during the 60’s where RAND, MIT, and UCLA kicked off the new concept and The National Physical Laboratory in Great Britain tested the network principles in 1968. The first node was installed in the UCLA in 1969 and by the end of the year, four such nodes was created named ARPANET. Making use of such technology, the first email was send in 1971.
Nafis, F. 2012 A Global Nervous System. August 13 [lecture] Selangor: University of Wollongong.
Sterling, B, 1993 ‘A Short History of the Internet’, pp.1-6, accessed 19/8/2012, https://vista.uow.edu.au/webct/urw/tp0.lc20663/cobaltMainFrame.dowebct